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The Secret of the Egyptian Pyramids
Do you know the story of the queen of Egypt? Are you curious about the great pyramids? Do you want to
travel to mystical Egypt? Do you know the Egyptian pyramids are ranked among the seven wonders of the world? Archaeologists view pyramids as good indicators of Egypt's economic and political stability throughout the Old and Middle Kingdoms. So now why not discover the mysterious of these majestic pyramids!
What are the Egyptian Pyramids?
“Pyramid” is a word which comes from the Greek word . It means “pyramis” so it was used to describe the ancient Egyptian buildings. In ancient times, the pyramids of Egypt were built as tombs by the pharaohs of the Egyptian Old Kingdom. They welcomed the mummified bodies of the pharaohs, their wives and key figures of the state.
Why were the pyramids of Egypt built?
The Ancient Egyptians believed that when a pharaoh died, he became
Osiris (the king of the dead). They believed that his Ka (soul or spirit) which remained with the body, had to be looked so that for the dead pharaoh to carry out his duties as king of the death. The pyramid was in effect a manner of housing for the departed ruler.
The shape of Egyptian pyramids is thought to represent the primordial mound from which the Egyptians believed the earth was created. The shape of a pyramid is thought to be representative of the descending rays of the sun. Besides, the pyramid symbolizes a vast staircase allowing the deceased king to join the celestial universe of the gods and immortality.
Great Sphinx of Giza
How did they build them?
Up to present, many questions have been asked as how ancient Greeks with rudimentary tools could build such great pyramids. In fact, there are
many assumptions about that, but no one can be sure about one particular way because we can not go back 4500 years ago to verify it. In order to build these pyramids, we need millions of tons of rock, so with human labour, we could hardly transport such huge rocks for long distance. Moreover, they can not lift it up to tens of meters to the top of the pyramid. However, because these pyramids were mainly built along the banks of the Nile, archaeologists have hypothesized that they were built as follows:
Thanks to the advantage of the Nile water resources, combined with Cyperus Papyrus and animal skins, the former slaves created a small canal based water from the Nile to the place of construction. Next they tied into the large rocks, cyperus papyrus and animal skins into large chunks. They then use the water of these canals to bring the rocks to their place, because these plants can float on the water. Although, this hypothesis has not been proven, it is considered to be the most reasonable hypothesis until now.
Djoser pyramid restorations
What is inside of the pyramids?
Deep inside the pyramids lays
the Pharaoh's burial chamber which would be filled with treasure and items for the Pharaoh to use in the afterlife. The walls were often covered with carvings and paintings. Near the Pharaoh's chamber would be other rooms where family members and servants were buried. Moreover, there are often small rooms that acted as temples and larger rooms for storage.
Inside of The Pyramid
How many pyramids are there in Egypt?
Actually, there are around
138 small and big pyramids in Egypt, but there are three great pyramids of Giza, which are at once the most impressive and emblematic construction of this civilization.
The Great Pyramid of Giza, built by Khufu, is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and is a World Heritage Site. It is 146 meters in height and was completed around 2560 BC. More than twenty years of work have been necessary to erect it.
The Pyramid of Khafre in Giza is the second largest pyramid in Egypt; it was built by Kephren, the third pharaoh of the 4th dynasty during the Old Kingdom, around 2540 BC. with a height of 143 meters.
The third pyramids of Giza are attributed to Pharaoh Mycerinus. Its completion dates back to the end of the 26th century BC. The Pyramid has an original height of 65 meters, but it now stands only 61 meters because its limestone envelope has disappeared. The lower part of the pyramid was in pink granite while its upper part is in Tourah limestone.
Pyramids of Giza